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Ten Men from Middlesex

A perfect summer Saturday dawned bright and clear. My wife and I decided to head up to New Hampshire to one of our favorite antique shops where we almost always find a treasure. A treasure, and a mystery, awaited us?but not where we expected to find them.

This day we found a few things, but nothing exciting. After an hour or so of poking through boxes of books and paper, looking for items from and about World War I, we decided to start for home. We had no idea what was awaiting us at our next stop.

On the way back was another antique shop. Over the years only a few treasures have we found there. As usual, I checked out one part of the shop while my wife checked the other.

Soon she came over to tell me there were some books I might like. Sure enough, there was a set of books published 20 years after the war that showed pictures from then (1914-1918) to now (1938, on the eve of WWII). The photos are great and the price was right; therefore, I picked them up. On the way to the counter I noticed a board, about five feet high, resting against a case. (How I missed it before remains a mystery.)

The board (55in high by 25in wide) was painted brown and in gold letters were the names of 10 men with a year date next to each. Below each name was a description of how the individual died (killed in action, died of wounds, etc.) and a second date, which in each case corresponded with the U.S. participation in WWI or its aftermath. Separating each name were gold stars. This obviously was a memorial of some sort, but from where? I stood there studying the board and puzzling over its origin, unsure as if it would fit into the car or if we had room to display it at home. We left, but drove only five miles before my wife convinced me to return for it. I am glad we did!

There was a considerable accumulation of dust and grime on the surface of the board. Therefore, I dusted, washed, and wiped with the usual procedures to carefully clean it up.

Research is something I enjoy. I want to authenticate and document any new piece to my collection. Now, I had in front of me a board listing 10 men with a common connection? dead because of participation in WWI. But, why two dates for each? Usually, it is the date of death in service given. For each, the first date was predated to the U.S. entry into the war. Perhaps it was a date of enlistment? More likely it was a date of graduation from a school; but which school?

My search began in the New Hampshire section of the Soldiers of the Great War, which lists details of each soldier who lost his life in the war. No match to the names. My wife said that the names sounded as if their families were upper class; therefore, we should search in the Boston Area. Her hunch was correct. She found the first name, George Guest Haydock, who was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania, but was living in Milford, Massachusetts when he entered the Army.

That break led us to the Gold Star Record of Massachusetts, where he was listed with a reference to Harvard University. Sure enough, Mr. Haydock was listed in the index of Memoirs of the Harvard Dead in the War Against Germany. Therein his biography revealed his prep school?Middlesex School in Concord, Massachusetts (a college prep school). When his four years at Harvard were subtracted, the date matched the date opposite his name on the board?his class year at Middlesex.

Playing another hunch, I looked in the Harvard books for other names on the board and found them listed too. Again, by subtracting four years from graduation, the date matched the one opposite the name on the board. They were listed as Middlesex School graduates. These were the names of the Middlesex School graduates who had lost their lives in service to their country in World War I.

The Harvard volumes contained nine of the ten names, and the tenth was found only in Soldiers of the Great War. In order to find details on the last individual, I contacted the school through the internet. The Middlesex School Aumni Association provided the information from the book, Middlesex School in the War. Later I found the same record in Technology's War Record, the story of MIT during World War I.

The following are the ten men from Middlesex in the order in which they appear on the memorial:

William Key Bond Emerson, Jr: born in New York City, April 9, 1894

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1912; Harvard, Class of 1916; M.I.T., 1916 (one term)

B. Joined American Field Service (Section 3) in the summer of 1915

1) first tour of service in the Vosges Mountains

2) second tour of service (January 1917) in the Champagne region with Section 13

3) transferred to Salonika front with Section 3 and was awarded the Croix de Guerre for bravery

C. enlisted in the U.S. Army in France, commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant in the field artillery

D. assigned to the 15th Field Artillery, then to the 12th Aero Squadron as an artillery observer

E. killed in action on May 14th, 1918 when his plane was shot down

F. Emerson Flying Field in Columbia, S.C. was named in his honor

George Guest Haydock: born in Germantown, Pennsylvania on September 15, 1894

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1912; Harvard, Class of 1916

B. attended the 6th Plattsburg Training Camp in the summer of 1916

C. enlisted in the U.S. Army on April 28, 1917

1) attended 1st Officers' Training Camp from May 11 to August 15, 1917

2) commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Infantry, Officer Reserve Corps on August 15, 1917

3) assigned to Company L, 28th Infantry, 1st Division

D. killed in action at Cantigny on May 28, 1918

1) cited in 1st Division Orders, General Order No. 26, for conspicuous gallantry

2) awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry at Cantigny

Alan Cambell Clark: born in Bangor, Maine on September 11, 1895

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1913; Harvard, Class of 1917

B. attended 1st Officers' Training Camp at Fort Riley, Kansas from May 9 to August 15, 1917 and commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry

C. sailed for France on September 8, 1917

D. assigned to Machine Gun Company, 26th Infantry, 1st Division

1) wounded in action on July 20, 1918

2) died of wounds on July 31, 1918 at Base Hospital No. 2 (Paris)

3) cited by 2nd Brigade, G.O. No. 2, August 2, 1918 for conspicuous gallantry near Soissons

George Merrick Hollister: born in Grand Rapids, Michigan on April 23, 1896

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1914; Harvard, Class of 1918

B. joined American Field Service and sailed for France on February 25, 1916

1) assigned to Section 3, car 216 (donated by Middlesex School)

2) assigned to French 129th Division at Verdun

3) under fire continuously from June 22 to July 2, 1916

4) awarded Croix de Guerre for service from June 22 to July 2, 1916

C. commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry at Leavenworth, Kansas on February 25, 1918

D. assigned to 61st Infantry, Fifth Division

1) appointed battalion scout officer

2) killed in action in the Argonne on October 12, 1918

3) received a posthumous Division Citation, G.O. No. 21, June 27, 1919

Philip Winsor: born in Weston, Massachusetts on February 6, 1893

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1911; Harvard, Class of 1915

B. joined American Ambulance Service, attached to Neuilly Hospital, Paris from September, 1916 to January, 1917

C. joined American Field Service, S.S.U. 4 - from June 20 to November 1, 1917 served on the Champagne and Verdun fronts

D. joined U.S. Army Ambulance Corps on November 1, 1917

1) served at Verdun, Chemin des Dames, Ferme de Chavigny, and Chateau-Thierry (Bois de Belleau)

2) awarded Croix de Guerre with Bronze Star

E. died of disease on October 24, 1918

Malcolm Bruce Brownlee, Jr: born in Butte, Montana on March 8, 1889

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1907; M.I.T., Class of 1911 (left early to enter business)

B. Enlisted in the Army on April 29, 1918

1) trained at Camp Meade, Maryland

2) assigned to Machine Gun Company, 313th Infantry, 79th Division

C. landed in France on July 15th, 1918

1) transferred to Headquarters Platoon as an interpreter and runner

2) took part in Meuse - Argonne battles

a. participated in the storming of Montfaucon

b. praised by his captain for having "?the highest sort of courage?"

D. taken ill and subsequently died on October 26, 1918 at Base Hospital 52

Eric Adrian Alfred Lingard: born in Boston, Massachusetts on November 7, 1890

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1907; Harvard., Class of 1913

B. enlisted in the Naval Aviation Program on September 12, 1917

1) reported to M.I.T. Ground School on October 1, 1917

2) completed training at Pensacola Naval Air Station

3) commissioned an Ensign, U.S.N.R.F. in March, 1918

C. stationed at Chatham (Massachusetts) Naval Air Station flyiing HS aircraft (flying boats) on antisubmarine patrol - attacked German U-Boat off Orleans, Massachusetts (equipment and ordnance failures prevented a successful attack)

D. received a certificate of appreciation from Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels for salvaging the motor of a ditched plane (in accordance with regulations)

E. died from illness due to exposure after 27 hours immersion after ditching during a search mission for a U-Boat

1) held unconcious assistant pilot aboard the ditched plane

2) before being rescued salvaged new Davis Gun from ditched plane

 

Randolph Randall Brown: born in Utica, New York on March 29, 1895

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1913; Harvard, Class of 1917

B. trained at Plattsburg, New York from May 8 to August 11, 1917

C. assigned to Company K, 9th Infantry, 2nd Division

1) wounded in action on July 18, 1918 in Second Battle of the Marne

2) at Base Hospital No. 8 until September 25, 1918

D. promoted to Brevet Captain on October 24, 1918 and assigned to I Company

1) killed in action at La Tuilerie Ferme on November 3, 1918

2) awarded the Distinguished Service Cross "...for distinguished and exceptional gallantry at the Argonne Forest on November 2-3, 1918."

Bertram Williams: born in Cambridge, Massachusetts on September 11, 1896

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1914; Harvard, Class of 1918

B. joined Norton - Harjes Ambulance Service in February, 1916

1) served in Formation No. 5

2) at Verdun from March 8 to March 19, 1916

C. attended Ground School at M.I.T. in August, 1917

D. sailed for France on October 17, 1917

1) at 3rd Aviation Instruction Center at Issoudon until March, 1918

2) volunteered to become a fighting observer

a. sent to First Corps School for two weeks training

b. sent to Tours (no details)

c. sent to French School of Aerial Gunnery at Cazeaux

E. commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Air Service in May, 1918

1) assigned to 96th Aero Squadron in September, 1918

2) killed in action on September 13, 1918 when his aircraft was shot down

a. awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his gallant defense of his aircraft (he was flying as observer/bomber)

b. Lieutenant Stephen T. Hopkins, also of Harvard, was piloting the aircraft

Edmund Pike Graves: born in Newburyport, Massachusetts on March 13, 1891

A. Middlesex School, Class of 1907; Harvard, Class of 1913

B. enlisted as a cadet, Royal Flying Corps in Canada on July 9, 1917 (too much of a delay in getting into U.S. flying program)

1) commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, R.F.C. on October 29, 1917

2) assigned as instructor in aerial gunnery at Camp Taliaferro, Hicks Field, Fort Worth, Texas (winter quarters of the R.F.C., Canada)

3) one of the first pilots to do elaborate stunts in a Curtiss

C. transferred to Officers' School of Special Flying at Armour Heights, North Toronto in early spring, 1918

D. promoted to 1st Lieutenant in May, 1918

E. posted overseas, arrived on November 5, 1918 - armistice signed prior to movement to France

F. demobilized in July, 1919

G. volunteered for Kosciuszko Squadron flying for the new state of Poland

1) flew Albatross aircraft in patrols over the front in the Lemberg (Lwow) area

2) killed during the celebration of the liberation of Lemberg from the Russians when his aircraft lost its right wing during a double roll at 150 feet

3) buried in Lemberg, with honors, by the Government of Poland.

I was asked by a representative of the Middlesex Alumni Association if I would return the memorial to the school. After careful consideration, I turned down his request. These ten men gave their lives in defense of a way of life?several serving before the U.S. entered the war, one after. At one time Middlesex School saw fit to remember these men, but somewhere along the way, the school lost sight of the sacrifices these men made and discarded the memorial. The memorial will remain with me until my death, at which time it will be offered to the school. _

Sources:

Haulsee, W.M., et al (Ed), 1920, Soldiers of the Great War, Volumes I-III, Soldiers Record Publishing Association.

Howe, M.A. DeWolfe (Ed), 1920-1924, Memoirs of the Harvard Dead in the War Against Germany, Volumes I-V, Harvard University Press.

Ruckman, John H. (Ed), 1920, Technology's War Record, War Records Committee of the Alumni Association of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Middlesex School, Middlesex School in the War, Concord, Massachusetts

 

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Last Updated ( Tuesday, 27 May 2008 10:53 )  

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