Search results for AEF.

The War to End all Wars. The American military experience in World War I

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By Edward Coffman. The history of the American involvement in the Great War, first published in 1986 by OUP, has been to many the standard work on the subject. It was based upon some sources new at the time and used interviews with 30 survivors, including two Divisional Chiefs of Staff. In spite of new research which has since been done, the aut…


The War To End All Wars: The American Military Experience in World War I

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  The War to End All Wars, The American Military Experience in World War I by Edward M. Coffman   This work, first published in 1968, has been reprinted in 1998. The following is a transcript of interviews which took place in May and June 1998, between Dr Coffman and Paul Guthrie, exploring the elements identified by Dr. Coffman as crucial to un…


1 August 1918 Cpl Isaac E Holloway

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Born in Grant County, Indiana on 9 June 1890. A graduate of the Marion Conservatory of Music, he was a member of the National Military Home Band at the time of his enlistment. After enlisting into the US Regular Army in March 1916, Isaac was trained at Jefferson Barracks before becoming a member of the 30th Infantry Regiment Band. Transferred to t…


28 October 1918 : Cpl John Valentine Bildner

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Parents Louis and Lizzie Bildner. In 1900, the second of three children living at 86 Conwell Street, Dearborn Country, Indiana. His German born grandparents lived at 84 Conwell Street.  A machinist before the war John was drafted into service with the 159th Depot Brigade at Lawrenceburg, Indiana on 29 March 1918, he was trained at Camp Taylor, Ken…


18 November 1917 : Pvt Harry George Myers

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Harry Myers was a foster child who was raised on a farm at Uniontown, Perry County, Indiana.  He enlisted into the US regular Army in 1916 and was trained at Columbus Barracks, Ohio before seeing action on the Mexican Border. Harry was sent overseas with the AEF in June 1917 and he was killed in action in the Sommerviller sector, Lorraine on 18…


024: Winter 1988

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Retreat Hell! We Only Just Got Here! The American Expeditionary Force in France, 1917-1918

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Book review by Gary Sheffield. I have always thought that the distinction sometimes drawn between 'popular' and 'academic' history is unhelpful. The real categories are good and bad history and this book most definitely falls into the former category. By far the worst thing about this book is the dreadful title, because once I overcame my prejudic…


060: January 2001

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U.S. Infantry Weapons of the First World War

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Book Review by Len Shurtleff. Mr Canfield is an internationally recognised specialist in twentieth century U.S. military weapons and a contributing editor to the American Rifleman. In this information-packed and richly illustrated volume, he presents a comprehensive record of rifles, shotguns, automatic rifles, pistols, machine guns, bayonets, kni…


062: September 2001

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075: January 2006

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11 August 1918 : Lieut. Alfred Edward Gaby VC

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Alfred went to school in Scottsdale and after school worked on the family farm. He then spent some time in southern Tasmania. While working on his father's farm he had joined the militia and served for three years with the 12th Infantry Battalion (Launceston Regiment). Two elder brothers had seen active service in the South African War.   Before …


The Final One Hundred Days of the Western Front

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Introduction The British involvement in war on the Western Front lasted for 1,294 days: from the 12th of August 1914 - when the first elements of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) arrived in France - until the 11th November 1918, when the Armistice took effect. For each of those days an average of 1,751 men were wounded and 436 died (the latte…


With Their Bare Hands: General Pershing, the 79th Division and the Battle for Montfaucon

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By Gene Fax Osprey, £14.99, softback, 495pp, 55 ills, notes, refs, index. ISBN: 978–147–282–979–5 The title implies that this book is a narrow study of the US 79th Division and its struggle to capture the dominant feature of Montfaucon during the opening phase of the Meuse–Argonne offensive. In fact, it is much more, deploying the 79th Division…


Hamel 4th July 1918: The Australian & American Triumph

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By John Hughes-Wilson Uniform Publishing, £12.99, pb, 163pp, 15 ills. ISBN: 978–191–160–442–6 This is a somewhat odd book about an event which normally takes up no more than a chapter in many histories. Nevertheless, Hamel was undoubtedly a significant action, part of what the Australians called ‘peaceful penetration’ of the German lines which…


6 June 1918 : Sgt James Lucas

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He enlisted into the US Regular Army at Laredo, Texas on July 17th 1915 and saw service in the Mexican Border campaign prior to the US declaration of war. James Lucas was sent to join the American Expeditionary Force  in France in September 1917 and served in Lorraine before moving to Picardy following the German 1918 offensives. He was killed in …


When and Why the Doughboys Finally Joined the War

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When the First World War began in August 1914, none of the 48 autonomous states that then made up the United States of America (USA) supported the taking of sides with neither the Entente Powers (Britain, France and Russia) nor the Central Powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary). The USA had a professional regular army of 100,000, nearly half of which…


14 June 1917 : John Francis McCarthy

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John was a salesman prior to enlisting into the US Marine Corps in New York on 25 January 1910. After four years service, he re-enlisted at San Francisco on 31 January 1914 at served on the USS Massachusetts and the USS Denver before becoming part of the American Expeditionary Force to Nicaragua. John was killed in an automobile accident at Oaklan…


Trial by Friendship. Anglo-American Relations 1917-1918. David R. Woodward.

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[This review first appeared in Stand To! No.43 April 1985. Members of The Western Front Association receive our journal Stand To!, three times a year and have access to the full archive online].  Anglo-American relations at the time when the United States entered the Great War have been somewhat neglected by British historians. This well-researche…


Freedom Struggles. African Americans and World War One by Adriane Lentz-Smith

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Paperback $28.00 £22.95 ISBN 9780674062054 Publication Date 30 September 2011 336 Pages In this influential 2009 Harvard publication Adriane Lentz-Smith provides a long overdue appraisal of the experience of African American soldiers in the American Expeditionary Force in 1918 and 1919. In doing so the lives and hopes of black Americans are se…