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'The British Army in Mesopotamia 1914-1918': a talk by Paul Knight


The campaign in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) was one of the great sideshows of the Great War, reaching a ration strength of 440,000 men. It is also one of the least well known, except for the Siege of Kut. Yet either side of Kut was a remarkably well fought campaign in the worst in the worst of environmental conditions. General Townsend’s 1915 adv…

22 April 1916: S/9985 Pte., Pte Frederick Houghton 1st Bn Seaforth Highlanders


Frederick was born in 1897. He was a weaver from Burnley, Lancashire. He finally enlisted successfully into the Seaforth Highlanders in Burnley in 1915 after six previous attempts. In April 1916 he was sent as part of a draft bound for the 1st Battalion, in Mesopotamia. On 22 April 1916, having only been ‘in theatre’ for about a fortnight, he wa…

MESOPOTAMIA CAMPAIGN 1914-1918 by Paul Knight


The Mesopotamia Campaign, fought in what is today Iraq, was the largest of the forgotten campaigns. Fought between November 1914 and October 1918 in constant contact with the enemy and in the worst of climates, the Mesopotamia Expeditionary Force (MEF) reached a maximum size of 440,000 men. Yet it is the least known of the Middle Eastern campaigns.…