Huddersfield Town full-back Larrett Roebuck was the first professional footballer from the English Leagues to be killed in the First World War. This is his story...
Larrett Roebuck was born at Jump, near Barnsley, in South Yorkshire, on 27 January 1889. By 1901 the Roebuck family had moved to Rotherham and were living in Barker's Yard, off the main High Street, where he shared a cramped home with his parents, an uncle and two younger siblings.
Image: Hastings Clock, Rotherham, courtesy Rotherham.co.uk.
Life was harsh, and the family were probably in dire straits after Larrett's father, Elias, died at the age of 40 in 1902. As the only possible breadwinner, it is almost certain that Larrett left school at the earliest opportunity; he was aged 13 when his father died which would have enabled him to start work underground, quite possibly at the one of the many pits in the area). He is noted as a being a 'trammer' which is the term for a young mine worker; possibly he tended the pit ponies, a typical role for lads aged 14 or 15.
Image: Dalton Main Colliery - later to be known as Silverwood, was close to Rotherham. Work on the main shaft was commenced in 1900 and coal production started five years later courtesy of Rotherham.co.uk.
Matters took a turn for the worse in 1904 when, in September, Larrett was sentenced to one month's imprisonment by the Rotherham magistrates for stealing a watch. The records state that he had no previous convictions, and they also show that he unaccountably overstated his age as being 17. Had he given his true age (15) he would have been dealt with under a different (and more lenient) system. To put the punishment in context, Larrett's cousin had also been sentenced to 28 days in prison for the heinous crime of stealing "a growing cabbage".
Pre-war army service
After being released on 4 October 1904, it is almost certain that Larrett found himself without a job, and as a result, on 14 November, he travelled to Pontefract and signed up in the York and Lancaster (Y&L) Regiment.
Larrett claimed to be 18 years old, but he was in fact just a few weeks short of his 16th birthday. It was not the only inaccuracy on his enlistment papers: he also declared he had never been in prison.
Image: Pontefract Barracks courtesy of pontefractus.co.uk
Over the next seven years, Larrett endured the harsh regime of a pre-war regular serving with the 1st battalion in India between October 1906 and December 1907. It is certain that during this period, Larrett honed his football skills.
Image: Football in India: The Royal Irish Regiment versus the South Staffordshire Regiment at Simla, India (1907), courtesy and copyright The National Army Museum (accession number NAM 1962-08-50-3)
Image: The 1st Y&L Football team in India, circa 1914, courtesy Rotherham Heritage Services: York and Lancaster Archive (Collection 578-K)/ Royal Armouries FWWAP
Home from Indian service and onto the Army Reserve
Returning home, Larrett joined the 2nd battalion, stationed at Limerick, and was appointed to Lance Corporal on 28 December 1907. Larrett was married on Saturday, 6 June 1908 to Frances Walker (she was named as "Fanny" on Larrett's army service records), the wedding taking place in Rotherham. The first of their children, John, was born in November that year. Unfortunately, Larrett reverted to the rank of Private in April 1910 for "misconduct".
The 1911 census places the family in a one-room property named as 'Cycle Works' on Deepcut Road, Frimley Green, Farnborough, and they had now been joined by six month-old Violet. Lucy was to be born later that year and Jesse the following year.
In late May 1912, and now stationed in Limerick, Larrett signed a document agreeing to be discharged to the reserve. He was given a "sobriety certificate" which stated he was thoroughly trustworthy and had not been known to be under the influence of liquor.
Image: Larrett's 'sobriety certificate' from his service papers, courtesy The National Archives via "Find My Past".
No doubt he returned to South Yorkshire and it is likely he worked for a spell at the Silverwood Colliery where he joined the Colliery football team and began to make a name for himself as a talented full-back.
Image: Silverwood Colliery, date unknown but believed to be taken about 1900, courtesy John Doxey
A promising football career
The Silverwood side had a good reputation, regularly entering the FA Cup qualifying stages from 1910 onwards, and over the years produced several players who went on to make the grade in the Football League. It is quite likely that Larrett played in some of the Colliery team's early FA Cup ties, and so he came to the notice of Huddersfield Town's scouts.
Image: Huddersfield Town line-up in their first Football League kit of white shirts with a blue yoke, part way through the 1910-11 season
What is certain is that he initially joined Huddersfield on 1 March 1913, and was followed five months later by Harry Linley, another Silverwood player and most likely a friend of Larrett's. During the 1913/14 season Roebuck and half-back Linley were to play together in Huddersfield Town's first team on 15 occasions. Larrett made his debut at left-back on 3 January 1914, with a 3-1 home win over Fulham, and he was to play in the same position in all the club's remaining games, including two FA Cup ties, that season.
Image: The crowd at first Huddersfield Town game, courtesy the Huddersfield Daily Examiner
The match against Bradford Park Avenue
During Larrett's run of 19 consecutive league and cup appearances, there was one match at Bradford Park Avenue on 11 April 1914. The starting line up of the "Town" team for this game was captured by a photographer and distributed as a postcard. Larrett is on the back row, second from the right.
Image: The Huddersfield Team prior to kick-off against Bradford Park Avenue on 11 April 1914, courtesy Roger Pashby
Unfortunately, the caption and the team's kit has caused a degree of confusion. The postcard was misdated, stating it was from the 1914-15 team, when it can be definitely established as being the team which played in the 1913-14 season. Compounding this was the fact that the team were wearing the strip from the 1912-13 season. The kit shown on this image has six of the players (including Larrett) in the previous season's white shirt with blue yoke whilst other players are in a white shirt with blue collar, for example the player (Frank Mann) in the centre of the front row with the ball between his feet.The actual strip for this (1913-14) season was the - now famous - blue and white stripes.
Image: The Huddersfield Town team photo, showing the blue and white stripes which were first worn in the 1913/14 season, courtesy Roger Pashby. Originally published in a Huddersfield Town publication in 1929, the 'Coming of Age souvenir, 1929-1930'
For the match against Bradford Park Avenue, it is not known why the Huddersfield team were not wearing the then current strip. One explanation is that this was to avoid a colour clash, however as Bradford Park Avenue played in green and white hoops, this was unlikely to be the reason. The only other explanation for the old strip being worn was in order to preserve the "best" kit for a match that was to take place two days later at Wolverhampton Wanderers.
One of Bradford Park Avenue's players, although not in the team that day, was the famous Donald Bell.
Image: Donald Bell, in Bradford Park Avenue's home kit courtesy, ww1cemeteries.com
Bell made his debut for Bradford Park Avenue in April 1913 and had played just once during that (1912-13) season. He was to play four times for the club in the 1913-14 season, his last appearance being in November 1913. Bell was to be awarded the Victoria Cross for an act of valour on 5 July 1916 whilst serving as a Second Lieutenant with the Yorkshire Regiment on the Somme. He was killed only five days later on 10 July.
Image: 2/Lt D.S. Bell, VC, courtesy Wikipedia
Huddersfield lost the match 2-1, and Bradford Park Avenue were to be promoted at the end of the 1913-14 season, behind champions Notts County. Huddersfield finished 13th out of the 20 teams in the Second Division.
A teammate of Larrett's, but not playing that day, was Fred Bullock. He can be seen on the team photo adjacent to Larrett, (back row, extreme right). Bullock was to become a legend at Huddersfield. He served with the 17th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment, the "Footballer's Battalion". Despite being wounded in August 1916 in the Delville Wood/Guillemont area of the Somme, Fred was to survive the First World War. After the war, Fred was Huddersfield Town's club captain and did much to save them from financial disaster in 1919, by raising funds and giving speeches. Fred helped the Huddersfield Town team to gain promotion in 1920; he played in the FA Cup final defeat by Aston Villa the same season and he also gained an England cap. It is a testament to Larrett's ability that he kept Fred Bullock out of the town team in the last season before the First World War.
Image: Fred Bullock, courtesy Roger Pashby
After retiring from the game, Bullock sank most of his savings into becoming the licensee of the Slubbers Arms in Bradford Road, Huddersfield. In November 1922 his wife found him lying unconscious on the floor of the premises. Next to him was an empty beer bottle that had been used to store ammonia. It was uncertain whether he had taken his own life or mistakenly drank it thinking it was beer. He died in Huddersfield Infirmary on 15 November 1922.
Image: The 17th Middlesex. L/Cpl Fred Bullock is the extreme right hand side of the front row, courtesy the The North East at War
End of the football season, and to war
Larrett's 19th and last appearance came on 25 April 1914, in a 1-0 victory at Leicester Fosse (renamed Leicester City in 1919). Four days previously he had signed a new contract with Town to commence at an agreed rate of £2 per week. This was to rise to £3 from 1 September 1914, the start of the 1914/15 season. In addition he was also granted travel expenses in the form of a return rail pass from either Rotherham or Sheffield to Huddersfield.
Images: Larrett's contract to play for Huddersfield Town, dated 21 April 1914, courtesy Christine O'Hara
However, with the war clouds gathering over Europe everything was about to change. When war was declared on 4 August that year there was great debate as to whether to continue with normal League football. In the event the game's authorities decided to carry on, hoping like many others that the conflict would "all be over by Christmas". As a reservist, Larrett, like many men around the country, was quickly mobilised by his regiment.
At the outbreak of war the 2nd Battalion York & Lancaster Regiment, part of the 16 Brigade (6th Division) was still stationed in Limerick. The order for mobilisation arrived at 10pm on 4 August 1914 and ten days later they returned to England to camps at Cambridge and Newmarket. Larrett was almost certainly recalled to Pontefract and, from there, presumably journeyed south by train to join his battalion. On 8 September 1914, the battalion received orders to prepare to leave Tilbury Docks on the SS Minneapolis "for an unknown destination" and, the following day, it disembarked at St Nazaire on the west coast of France.
Image: SS Minneapolis, courtesy atlantictransportline.us
Image: A photograph of a group of officers from the 2 Y&L taken on board the SS Minneapolis. From the photograph album of J A Reid, courtesy Rotherham Heritage Services: York and Lancaster Archive (Collection 578-K)/ Royal Armouries FWWAP
From St Nazaire the battalion made its way up towards the front line. From surviving records, we know that Larrett was re-appointed to Lance Corporal during this time.
The regimental history  records:
The Battalion reached Courcelles in heavy rain early on the morning of September 20th to learn that the Battalions which had been engaged in the Battles of the Marne and Aisne were much weakened and exhausted, and that the 16th Brigade was required to relieve next day the 7th and 9th Brigades to the north-east of Vailly. The relief was carried out late on the night of the 20th/21st, the Battalion taking over the trenches which had up to then been occupied by Battalions of the Lincolnshire Regiment and Royal Scots Fusiliers; and almost immediately the enemy opened a heavy shrapnel fire on the portion of trench occupied by "A" Company of the Battalion, causing a loss of three killed, one officer - Lieutenant Lethbridge - and eleven men wounded.
Larrett and his comrades were now faced with the grim reality of war. With both sides digging in, the "race for the sea" had begun as each opposing army moved northwards to try and outflank the other. In miserably wet and foggy conditions the British Expeditionary Force was looking to capture Menin when, on 18 October 1914, Lance-Corporal Roebuck was one of 40 men listed as killed or missing in action near Beaucamps-Ligny following an attack on an enemy position. It was less than six months since he had celebrated Huddersfield Town's win at Leicester Fosse.
The Divisional history  gives some details in its narrative:
'On the 18th October a reconnaissance in force was ordered, which was brilliantly carried out. The Buffs and the York and Lancasters on the right captured Radinghem without much opposition and advanced across a small plateau, three hundred yards in width, towards the woods in which stands Chateau de Flandres. They here came under a heavy cross-fire of machine guns and shrapnel, and were counter-attacked and driven back. The situation, however, was saved by Major Bayley's company of the York and Lancasters, which had worked around on the left and threatened the flank of the counter-attack, which thereon withdrew. The York and Lancasters suffered considerable casualties in this little action.'
More detail is provided in the battalion's war diary :
[By early afternoon] Village [Radinghem] taken without difficulty by 'A' Company. Line held up for short time by shelling of French and our guns. Centre of line on reaching high ground East of Radinghem came under heavy shell fire from southerly direction, but continued the advance with the remainder of the line across the Radinghem - Fromelles Road. Right of line coming under heavy cross fire of machine guns and shrapnel in the open, was forced to return back to the road. At the same time the remaining companies, having got into the woods of Chateau de Flandres tried three times to advance but were each time driven back by cross fire of machine guns, situated at southern boundary of the wood, and shrapnel and rifle fire. They eventually took up positions on the Radinghem - Fromelles Road, in conjunction with the Buffs.
Image: The Chateau de Flandres before the war, courtesy alain.tairnaite.free.fr
Larrett Roebuck 'missing'
Back home Larrett's family were officially informed of his 'missing' status but, as time went by, and despite several letters to the War Office asking for information, no further news was heard of his fate. Eventually Larrett's mother Elizabeth, now running the Britannia Inn in Shaftesbury Square, Rotherham, wrote to the local newspaper asking if any readers or soldiers home on leave could help. Her poignant appeal was published on 30 January 1915, shortly after what would have been Larrett's 26th birthday, in the hope that he had perhaps been taken prisoner or lay wounded in some unknown hospital bed. A week later these hopes were dashed when a Mrs G E Vickers contacted the Rotherham Advertiser in response. She forwarded copies of two letters from a Private W Worsman of the East Yorkshire Regiment, the son of a friend of hers, who was currently recovering from wounds in a Rouen hospital. In his first, dated 29 November 1914, Worsman had written to his own mother, saying:
You remember me telling you in my last letter that L Roebuck had got killed. You can now take it as granted from me that the worst has happened to him. I was talking to a chap from Rotherham the other day who is in the York & Lancasters; you will perhaps know him, they call him Callagan. He used to play football for the Little Bridge, and I believe he had a trial with the Town when he first came from India. He told me that L Roebuck got killed a month ago.
Worsman's second letter, dated 30 January 1915, then confirmed the story. He wrote that he had been talking to a soldier from Ickles named G Brierley, who was also recovering from wounds and was a mutual friend of Larrett Roebuck. Brierley had told Worsman that he had actually been beside Larrett when he was killed whilst they were making an attack.
Huddersfield Town AFC had meanwhile been sending Larrett's wife Marie £1 a week ever since he had been called up. With the confirmation of his death the Club's Secretary-Manager, Arthur Fairclough, wrote to her at the family home at 7 Marsh Street, Ickles, Rotherham, on 26th February 1915, stating that due to the Club's weak financial state they would unfortunately now have to cease making the payments. As wartime restrictions began to bite he wrote:
Dear Mrs Roebuck, I regret to say that we are not in a position to continue sending £1 per week to the end of the season. We are ourselves having to appeal to the League for assistance. This season we are losing money every week. My Directors will try to make you a grant of ten shillings a week for the next four weeks after tomorrow. I am forwarding you £2 five shillings [£2.25] from the Players – this money was subscribed for a present for Larry but we think that it will be better to forward this to assist you. We think Larry would wish this if we could communicate with him.
In August 1915 a pension was awarded to Frances of 22s 6d per week (£1.12p, or £113 equivalent value in today's money). This was to be paid until the children were aged 16.
Image: The Pension Record Card showing the entitlement of the pension for Larrett's widow, Frances (from the Prension Record Cards archive held by The Western Front Association)
Lance-Corporal Larrett Roebuck (8116), 2nd Battalion York & Lancaster Regiment, was officially recorded as 'presumed dead' on 18 October 1914. Larrett was the first professional footballer from the English football league to be killed in the Great War.
34 men from the 2nd battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment are recorded as having been killed on 18/19 October 1914. Only two of these men have known graves. The 32 missing are commemorated on the Ploegsteert Memorial to the Missing. However, the discovery of the remains of 15 men in 2009 led to the identification of eleven of these missing soldiers. Unfortunately, despite significant investigation, including DNA testing, it was found that Larrett was not among those who have been identified and he will, therefore, remain 'missing'.
The 15 men (eleven identified and four 'unknown') from the York and Lancaster Regiment were re-interred in a ceremony on 22 October 2014, 100 years, virtually to the day, after they were killed. It is not impossible that Larrett may be one of the four unidentified men who were buried in this ceremony.
Image: The Ploegsteert Memorial to the Missing, courtesy the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
One other member of the Huddersfield Town team of the immediate pre-war era was killed in the Great War. Private Sidney James of the 9th KOYLI was killed on 9 April 1917 and is buried at Cojeul British Cemetery.
Image: Huddersfield Town's Sidney James, killed in 1917
After the war, the Football League re-commenced the competitive programme of fixtures that had been suspended in 1915. In this first season, Huddersfield Town nearly went out of existence due to a financial crisis, but the people of Huddersfield rallied around the club which survived and went on to dominate English football in the 1920s. Not only was the club the first to win the league title three times in successive years (1923–24, 1924–25, 1925–26), but they were also runners up for the next two years; they also won the FA Cup in 1922.
Image: Pride of place in the Huddersfield Town trophy cabinet is the three times champions shield, courtesy Huddersfield Town AFC
Larrett's sister, Lucy, married Noah Neal at Rotherham in 1915. Her first child born on 11 April 1916 was named Larrett in honour of her brother.
Appendix - Larrett Roebuck's playing career: summary
Larrett played in 17 Football League fixtures and two FA Cup ties for Huddersfield Town up to the end of the 1913/14 season.
Larrett Roebuck's Huddersfield Town appearances
(all during 1914, and in the Football League Second Division unless stated)
Jan 03 (h) 3-1 Fulham
Jan 10 (h) 3-0 London Caledonians (FA Cup rd 1)
Jan 17 (h) 2-1 Lincoln City
Jan 24 (a) 1-0 Blackpool
Jan 31 (a) 0-1 Birmingham (FA Cup rd 2)
Feb 07 (h) 1-1 Nottingham Forest
Feb 14 (a) 1-0 Woolwich Arsenal
Feb 21 (h) 1-2 Grimsby Town
Feb 28 (a) 4-1 Birmingham
Mar 07 (h) 1-2 Bristol City
Mar 14 (a) 1-5 Leeds City
Mar 21 (h) 1-0 Clapton Orient
Mar 28 (a) 3-2 Glossop
Apr 04 (h) 0-2 Stockport County
Apr 11 (a) 1-2 Bradford Park Avenue
Apr 13 (a) 2-2 Wolverhampton Wanderers
Apr 14 (h) 3-1 Barnsley
Apr 18 (h) 2-1 Notts County
Apr 25 (a) 1-0 Leicester Fosse
 Colonel C H Wylly CB, 'The York and Lancaster Regiment 1758-1919 Volume 1' (London: Frome & London, 1930)
 Major General T.O. Marden, 'A Short History of the Sixth Division' (London: Hugh Rees, Ltd., 1920) p8
 The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) WO 95/1610: The war diary of the 2/Y&L 1914-1918
Article and images by David Tattersfield
Huddersfield Town supporter, and the Development Trustee of The Western Front Association.
Thanks to the following for helping with this article
- Melvyn Pack
- Roger Pashby "The Huddersfield Town Collection"
- Huddersfield Town AFC
- Colonel Norton (Chairman York and Lancaster Regiment Trustees)
- Karl Noble (Rotherham Heritage Services) Curator, Clifton Park Museum
- The Royal Armouries, Leeds
- Others - who wish to remain anonymous