Search results for AEF.

The War to End all Wars. The American military experience in World War I

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By Edward Coffman. The history of the American involvement in the Great War, first published in 1986 by OUP, has been to many the standard work on the subject. It was based upon some sources new at the time and used interviews with 30 survivors, including two Divisional Chiefs of Staff. In spite of new research which has since been done, the aut…


The War To End All Wars: The American Military Experience in World War I

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  The War to End All Wars, The American Military Experience in World War I by Edward M. Coffman   This work, first published in 1968, has been reprinted in 1998. The following is a transcript of interviews which took place in May and June 1998, between Dr Coffman and Paul Guthrie, exploring the elements identified by Dr. Coffman as crucial to un…


1 August 1918 Cpl Isaac E Holloway

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Born in Grant County, Indiana on 9 June 1890. A graduate of the Marion Conservatory of Music, he was a member of the National Military Home Band at the time of his enlistment. After enlisting into the US Regular Army in March 1916, Isaac was trained at Jefferson Barracks before becoming a member of the 30th Infantry Regiment Band. Transferred to t…


28 October 1918 Cpl John Valentine Bildner was killed in action on this day

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A machinist fro Aurora, Indiana, John was born on 31 August 1894. Drafted into service with the 159th Depot Brigade at Lawrenceburg, Indiana on 29 March 1918, he was trained at Camp Taylor, Kentucky, Camp Gordon, Georgia and Camp McKlellan, Alabama before embarking for the American Expeditionary Force in France on 16 June 1918. Whilst fighting in …


024: Winter 1988

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'The Americans on the Meuse-Argonne' by Peter Hart

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The Americans on the Meuse-Argonne by Peter Hart   Peter Hart, Oral Historian at the Imperial War Museum. Peter studied at Liverpool University before joining the Sound Archive at the Imperial War Museum in 1981. He is now Oral Historian at the Archive.   IMAGE: This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Pho…


'Haig, Foch, Pershing and the Battle of St.Mihiel' with Michael O'Brian

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St Mihiel is noteworthy because it was the first set piece battle planned by Americans and carried out under American command. This talk by Michael O'Brian will cover the personalities involved; the battle itself and the German analysis of the situation. It remains a controversial event and the issues which arose will be discussed.


'The Secret of Success BEF Transport & Operational Success 1918' with Rob Thompson

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By 1918 two thirds of the troops were spending most of their time on labour duties, exacerbated by the German Spring Offensives which required construction of new defences. Again there was a manpower crisis which led to a reduction in training for the infantry. The demand on engineering and logistics was running out of control. When the tide turne…


'American Expeditionary Force on the Meuse Argonne 1918' with Peter Hart

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Peter Hart will give a presentation on the AEF in the Meuse Argonne in 1918.    IMAGE:A column of American troops marching past British soldiers resting on the side of the road, France, in 1917 or 1918. (CC) International Encyclopedia of the First World War. 


Retreat Hell! We Only Just Got Here! The American Expeditionary Force in France, 1917-1918

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Book review by Gary Sheffield. I have always thought that the distinction sometimes drawn between 'popular' and 'academic' history is unhelpful. The real categories are good and bad history and this book most definitely falls into the former category. By far the worst thing about this book is the dreadful title, because once I overcame my prejudic…


O60: January 2001

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U.S. Infantry Weapons of the First World War

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Book Review by Len Shurtleff. Mr Canfield is an internationally recognised specialist in twentieth century U.S. military weapons and a contributing editor to the American Rifleman. In this information-packed and richly illustrated volume, he presents a comprehensive record of rifles, shotguns, automatic rifles, pistols, machine guns, bayonets, kni…


062: September 2001

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Haig – Foch – Pershing, The Battle of St Mihiel 1918 with Michael O’Brien

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St Mihiel is noteworthy because it was the first set piece battle planned by Americans and carried out under American command. This talk by Michael O'Brien will cover the personalities involved; the battle itself and the German analysis of the situation.   It remains a controversial event and the issues which arose will be discussed.


075: January 2006

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11 August 1918 : Lieut. Alfred Edward Gaby VC

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Alfred went to school in Scottsdale and after school worked on the family farm. He then spent some time in southern Tasmania. While working on his father's farm he had joined the militia and served for three years with the 12th Infantry Battalion (Launceston Regiment). Two elder brothers had seen active service in the South African War.   Before …


The Final One Hundred Days of the Western Front

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Introduction The British involvement in war on the Western Front lasted for 1,294 days: from the 12th of August 1914 - when the first elements of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) arrived in France - until the 11th November 1918, when the Armistice took effect. For each of those days an average of 1,751 men were wounded and 436 died (the latte…


'The American Expeditionary Force on the Argonne' by Peter Hart

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Peter Hart will be giving a presentation on the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) on the Argonne in 1918.    IMAGE: Decoration of regimental colors by General Passaga, 32nd French Army Corps. 


With Their Bare Hands: General Pershing, the 79th Division and the Battle for Montfaucon

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By Gene Fax Osprey, £14.99, softback, 495pp, 55 ills, notes, refs, index. ISBN: 978–147–282–979–5 The title implies that this book is a narrow study of the US 79th Division and its struggle to capture the dominant feature of Montfaucon during the opening phase of the Meuse–Argonne offensive. In fact, it is much more, deploying the 79th Division…


Hamel 4th July 1918: The Australian & American Triumph

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By John Hughes-Wilson Uniform Publishing, £12.99, pb, 163pp, 15 ills. ISBN: 978–191–160–442–6 This is a somewhat odd book about an event which normally takes up no more than a chapter in many histories. Nevertheless, Hamel was undoubtedly a significant action, part of what the Australians called ‘peaceful penetration’ of the German lines which…


6 June 1918 : Sgt James Lucas

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He enlisted into the US Regular Army at Laredo, Texas on July 17th 1915 and saw service in the Mexican Border campaign prior to the US declaration of war. James Lucas was sent to join the American Expeditionary Force  in France in September 1917 and served in Lorraine before moving to Picardy following the German 1918 offensives. He was killed in …


When and Why the Doughboys Finally Joined the War

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When the First World War began in August 1914, none of the 48 autonomous states that then made up the United States of America (USA) supported the taking of sides with neither the Entente Powers (Britain, France and Russia) nor the Central Powers (Germany and Austria-Hungary). The USA had a professional regular army of 100,000, nearly half of which…